AD's English Literature

Eliminate Your Fears and Doubts about Comprehension Skill of a Target Text

The students will have to complete numerous comprehension exercises during their time in school, both in class and at end of each Key Stage examination. This is true from early secondary stage to the post graduate label. The tasks i.e. The Comprehension Skill of a Target Text which help the students with their writing, such as adjective use, creating atmosphere and so on, introduce the skills that the students will need to discuss in their analysis of texts. Learning of these skills and implementations of them are very crucial both for the students and the teachers.

George Herbert’s “The Pulley”: Establishing Our Relation to God

Before we go into the Christian doctrine let’s focus on the title Pulley or the Gift of God by George Herbert first. Pulleys and hoists are mechanical devices aimed at assisting us with moving heavy loads through a system of ropes and wheels (pulleys) to gain advantage. We should not be surprised at the use of a pulley as a central conceit since the domain of physics and imagery from that discipline would have felt quite comfortable to most of the metaphysical poets. God is the most important character in “The Pulley”, and the only one whose name is given except the poet narrator. In the beginning of the poem, he is excited by the ringing of the truth while He and his creations, i. e. the human being are having a conversation while in imaginations through the poet’s conversation with the God. Herbert sees a perfect design of our psychology in Christian ideological terms explained through his God's eyes, but he longs to join the religious journey.

Is “The Anniversary” by Chekhov a Comedy or Farce?

In a farce, there is exaggeration both in situation and character for the sake of humourous effect. The difference between a comedy and a farce is that there is a soul of seriousness in the comedy. A comedy, says Schlegel, calls forth the most petulant hilarity by its jocose and deprecatory view of things. In it the perception of the incongruous and the unexpected conduces to our mirth follies, absurdities, odd audients, cross purposes, sallies of nit and humour is it striking features. The Anniversary is, sorry to say ,miss the quality of comedy proper. 

Interview Tips For School Service Commission English Teachers

 Hi Friends!

Now get ready for the Interview--The last hurdle of your glory.

You are the Constructor:

'Teaching refers to the actions of a real live instructor designed to impart learning to the student.' So friends, teachers are not machines but an articulation of human passions with the objective of imparting guidance to learning. So the job of teaching is different from other jobs in the sense that it is not a subject of calculating your money rather it provides perspective to the whole of education as well as life. The approach to teaching at school level is integrative rather than as additive which means values are integrated into the processes of life, living and enlightenment. A teacher should involve himself / herself into the over-all school climate and interactions and they are transformed in the tradition of constructor of social values. It is because the attitudes and values of a teacher are incorporated in the foundation of a student's character.

Character of Ruth Honeywill: How is She Responsible for Falder’s Death?


John Galsworthy’s Justice has a propaganda basis. While his fiction is concerned principally with English upper middle-class life; his dramas frequently find their themes in this stratum of society, but also often deal, sympathetically, with the economically and socially oppressed and with questions of social justice.  His Justice also has two problems raised and recked in minute details – the rigorous system of legal justice prevailing in the society and the other is the contemporary prison system. To portray these social hindrances Galsworthy has to device a plot. And here is the story of a young man Falder who has been crunched under the wheel of fatal social systems. And the person behind the Falder’s tragic catastrophe is a love and sympathy personified Ruth Honeywill.

Only woman character in Justice:

 In justice Ruth is the only woman character. A married and having two children, she lives a miserable life under a cruel husband who tortures her both physically and mentally. As a woman of destitute she earns sympathy and love from Falder. In fact, in order to take her away from her cruel husband that Falder commits the crime leading to the subsequent incidents of the play.
Ruth Honeywill’s problems as portrayed in the play Justice: Ruth, a destitute woman in order to flee from her cruel tyrannical husband she needs a friend. In facts, by marrying Falder who loves her and promises to rescue her from her cruel husband she would somehow problems are not solved. Falder with the desperation of love commits forgery and later imprisoned. Ruth is forced to lead an inglorious life with her husband in Falder’s prison days. In the end when Falder commits suicides her last ray of hope extinguishes.

Compare and Contrast James How and Walter How in Galsworthy’s "Justice"

In John Galsworthy’s Justice, James How and Walter How, the owners of a solicitors firm are father and son. Both are educated, polished and reasonable persons. But while the father is more conservative in his attitude to life, the son is rather liberal in his views on the problems of life. Both agree that forgery by Falder is a serious crime. But the son wishes to ignore it as the first crime by him and to give him a second chance. The father, on the other hand, thinks that allowing this crime to go unpunished will itself be a crime.

James How is a grand Victorian. His prudery may sound false, but his concern for honesty and sanctity of institutions is very much genuine. He hates dishonesty and immorality. It is difficult for him to forgive Falder, for he has not only swindled his employer but has proved himself a hardened criminal by ensuring that everybody suspects Davis. He appears to be custodian of the edifice of law, and his devotion to and respect for it makes him very much conservative in his attitude to any offence. Whether it is the first offence or the last, forgery is a crime which cannot go without punishment. So he insists on letting law take its own course and refuses to listen to his son’s and Cokeson’s plea for mercy. This attitude of his represents the attitude of society itself, and it appears to be real not in the system that causes all the suffering.

Character of the Ragged Man from Lady Gregory's "The Rising of the Moon"

The Rising of the Moon by Lady Gregory is a play concerning Irish revolution and an effort to arouse Irish nationalism through an appreciation of Irish literature and speech. The ragged man is no other than distinguished patriot, at Irish rebel who has absconded from the prison. In a disguise of poor ballad singers he appears on a seaside. In a secret plan he is plotting to escape in a boat to a safety place. To hide his face he is wearing a wig and a hat. The parson is so clever that he succeeds his real nature to an experience intelligent police man without vast suspicion. The ragged man would have to wait at the sea-side until the fellow friends or reveals come on the harbor in aid of him. He dupes and misleads the sergeant by clever tricks even though he continues his physical gesture of talking singing and smoking.

A fellow feeling or sympathy seized the atmosphere is at first aroused by the poor ballad singer and defines the purpose of his coming here that some of his ballads are to be sold to the sellers to earn his bread. He even charms the sailors by his song. But the sergeant is more dutiful and the ragged man does not find any safe passage to the Jetty going down the steps. The sergeant is each time takes him by the shoulder and pushes him out. The rebel now finds more tricks to play.

Forum Scene in William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar (Act III, SCENE II. The Forum): Compare and Contrast Brutus' Speech and Antony’s Speech

"A man of great common sense and good taste,—meaning thereby a man without originality or moral courage."
George Bernard Shaw (1856 - 1950)
Irish playwright, 1901
Referring to Julius Caesar

Both Brutus and Antony are the great orators as we find them in William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar. Their respective speeches signify their character as well as patriotism- the two individual in different colours. At first Brutus delivers his speech and explained the reason of Caesar’s assassination. He says that Caesar being a friend of him makes him proud by his valiant deeds and heroism. But he is a dictator, autocrat and ambitious. For this reasons, in order to save the beloved mother-land Rome he is murdered by him. His death is an inevitable consequence of a tyrant ruler who is persuading the hostility and barbarism to cause the destruction of republic in his country. Brutus the stoic philosopher, have to bear a burden too heavy for him:
“Be patient till the last.
Romans, countrymen, and lovers! hear me for my
cause, and be silent, that you may hear: believe me
for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that
you may believe: censure me in your wisdom, and
awake your senses, that you may the better judge.
If there be any in this assembly, any dear friend of
Caesar's, to him I say, that Brutus' love to Caesar
was no less than his. If then that friend demand
why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my answer:
--Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved
Rome more. Had you rather Caesar were living and
die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live
all free men? As Caesar loved me, I weep for him;
as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was
valiant, I honour him: but, as he was ambitious, I
slew him. There is tears for his love; joy for his
fortune; honour for his valour; and death for his
ambition. Who is here so base that would be a
bondman? If any, speak; for him have I offended.
Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If
any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so
vile that will not love his country? If any, speak;
for him have I offended. I pause for a reply.”

Lyrical Faculty in P. B. Shelley’s Poetry

In none of P. B. Shelley’s greatest contemporaries was the lyrical faculty so paramount. Whether we consider his (i) minor songs (ii) his odes, or his more complicated (iii) choral dramas, we acknowledge that he vas the loftiest and the most spontaneous singer in our language’ says Symonds, comparing Shelley to the other romantic poets. The lyrics of Shelley cover a wide range and variety and can be classified under three different heads:

(I) Personal Lyrics

(ii) Lyrics of Nature

(iii) Lyrics of Hope & Liberty

Robert Lynd Captures a Beautiful Atmosphere in the Essay “Sea Side”

Sea side an essay by Robert Lynd, one of the well known essayists of the twentieth century, provides a befitting description of French Seal coast along with it, setting the Sea and the travelers. In fact, this is the personal essay of the author has been staying in a holyday resort nearly the French sea coast. The festivity and the mood of gala permit and pervade the entire atmosphere for the sea side. Not only the beauty of the sea side is minutely expressed but also that visitor’s activities are minutely put into account. Au of the individual present here portrayed here in this piece. But here and there a note of sadness is plotting in the atmosphere. It is seen fisher women working heard for their lively hood. There are another instance of the unhappy grey haired father struggling hard to make his child walk but unsuccessfully. Accept these two spots of sadness the entire sea beach is brushed with fun and various walking gaiety.

There are different types of tourists in this spot. The industry bands are flying kites. Children taking exercise interacts in the game. Few are having different game – cricket, golf, casino, football, tennis etc. few are swimming and bathing. All the tourists are busy with their pet occupations- of various types of game. Lynd finds a sense of restraint and control in the celebration of joy. On the beach Lynd also find souveteours, the life savers who are dutifully spying on the behavior of the swimmers and concerned with the safety of the tourists.

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An English Teacher;    M. A.(English) , D. Ed., B. Ed., UGC- NET Qualified

"Dear Readers/ Students, I am a huge fan of books, English Grammar & Literature. I write this blog to instill that passion in you. I also feel proud to be in free literature learning initiative. Already thousand posts written and a few thousand healthy discussions made in this blog."